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Monday, May 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Changes in the incidence and fatality of smallpox in recent decades found in the catalog.

Changes in the incidence and fatality of smallpox in recent decades

Arthur William Hedrich

Changes in the incidence and fatality of smallpox in recent decades

by Arthur William Hedrich

  • 48 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Smallpox -- United States.,
    • Diseases -- Registration.,
    • United States -- Statistics, Medical.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby A.W. Hedrich, SC. D., associate in biostatistics, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. ...
      ContributionsUnited States. Public Health Service.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRC183 .H35
      The Physical Object
      Pagination1 p. l., 30 p. incl. maps, tables, diagrs.
      Number of Pages30
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL6343592M
      LC Control Number36026582
      OCLC/WorldCa19032309

      Even for diseases where possibility of eradication has been agreed upon, the date when it will happen remains a moving target. The timeline for Guinea worm disease eradication was first set for , then moved to , then to , then to and is currently set for 5. Global Malaria Eradication Program was established in to. Death toll (estimate) Location Date Event Disease Ref. Unknown Babylon, or Babirus of the Persians, Central Asia, Mesopotamia and Southern Asia: BC influenza epidemic: Indian Sanskrit scholars found records of a disease resembling the Flu.: 75,–, Greece, Libya, Egypt, Ethiopia: – BC Plague of AthensDuration: Human history.

        Persons of all ages were susceptible to smallpox, but mortality was highest in the very young and the elderly. [ 2, 3 ] Due to case hiding and incomplete reporting, the true incidence of smallpox. overall fatality rate of about 30%; however, flat and hemorrhagic smallpox usually are fatal. Variola minor is a less common presentation of smallpox, and a much less severe disease, with death rates historically of 1% or less. Smallpox outbreaks have occurred from time to time for thousands of years, but the disease is now.

        Variola major, or smallpox, has an overall mortality rate of 30%. Variola minor, or alastrim, is a milder form of the virus, carrying a mortality rate of 1%. Four types of variola presentations exist: classic, hemorrhagic, malignant, and modified.   For more than years, hundreds of millions of people have died or been left permanently scarred or blind by the relentless, incurable disease called smallpox. In , Dr. D.A. Henderson became director of a worldwide campaign to eliminate this disease from the face of the Brand: Prometheus Books.


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Changes in the incidence and fatality of smallpox in recent decades by Arthur William Hedrich Download PDF EPUB FB2

Smallpox with case fatality less than 1 per cent. seems to have been especially prevalent during recent decades in certain English-speaking countries-the United States, Canada and England. On the other hand, smallpox with high case fatality appears to be the predominating form in India where case rates are high, as well as in many countries in which the disease has almost Cited by: 4.

Origin of Smallpox. The origin of smallpox is unknown. Smallpox is thought to date back to the Egyptian Empire around the 3 rd century BCE (Before Common Era), based on a smallpox-like rash found on three mummies.

The earliest written description of a disease that clearly resembles smallpox appeared in China in the 4 th century CE (Common Era).

Early. Smallpox is still a disease without treatment, a contagious disease with a high mortality rate, the victims dying a horrible death or else leaving them scarred for life.

This book has another huge plusit is written by D.L. Henderson, the leader of the very successful by:   Smallpox research in the United States continues and focuses on the development of vaccines, drugs, and diagnostic tests to protect people against smallpox in the event that it is used as an agent of bioterrorism.

Smallpox was a serious infectious disease. Types of smallpox. The 2 predominant variants of variola, major and minor, differ greatly in their mortality rates (30% vs 1%, respectively). Variola major was the predominant endemic strain throughout the world, and by the end of the 18th century, it was responsible for approximatelydeaths a year in Europe.

Smallpox was its first target there, and the risky procedure was fairly successful, killing just a small fraction of those injected. In a new discovery was made by Edward Jenner, a British Author: Heather Whipps.

Stroke mortality began a steady slow decline in the early part Changes in the incidence and fatality of smallpox in recent decades book the 20 th century and coronary heart disease mortality since the mids.

These changes resulted from many factors including improved public health, treatment and access to medical care, improved education, standards of living and evidence-based prevention and management.

There is a sort of backhanded compliment, I guess, from a recent popular book about John Snow and cholera, The Ghost Map, by Steven Johnson (). On pagehe states: “The popular ProMED-mail e-list offers a daily update on all the known disease outbreaks flaring up around the world, which surely makes it the most terrifying news source.

Responsible for the death of one-third of the world population, this second large outbreak of the bubonic plague possibly started in Asia and moved west in caravans.

While an infection of the variola minor virus would lead to death with a probability of less than one percent, the case fatality rate of the variola major virus has been estimated to be around 30 percent. The specific way a smallpox infection would lead to a patient’s death remains unclear.

5 The Oxford Textbook of Medicine notes symptoms of prostration (total exhaustion). Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The last naturally occurring case was diagnosed in Octoberand the World Health Organization (WHO) certified the global eradication of the disease in The risk of death following contracting the disease was about 30%, with higher rates among ms: Early: Fever, vomiting, mouth.

Smallpox — the death of a disease, written by D.A. Henderson, provides a personal accounting of the strategies, decisions, and combined global efforts leading to the eradication of son, a recognized smallpox expert who served as the first director of the WHO Smallpox Global Eradication Unit, discusses the events leading to the Cited by: 1.

If I had to choose only word to describe The Greatest Killer: Smallpox in History by Donald R. Hopkins, it would be "thorough." The book is comparable to an encyclopedia in its comprehensiveness of the history of smallpox. Hopkins somehow manages to write about smallpox in all five continents and its history in each of those by:   New England Smallpox Epidemic // Location: Florence Nightingale's book, she contacted D.C.-based Union leaders directly with helpful soldier mortality statistics.

Oh, wait, you can't. They're dead. Vaccination is one of the best things that has happened to civilization. Empires toppled like sandcastles in the wake of diseases we do not give a second thought to today.

If taking a moment to elaborate on that point will make this book unpopular with a large group of antivaxxers, that’s okay. Smallpox came to North America in the s.

People had symptoms of high fever, chills, severe back pain, and rashes. Starting from the Northeast, smallpox wiped out entire Native American tribes Author: The Healthline Editorial Team.

For more than years, hundreds of millions of people have died or been left permanently scarred or blind by the relentless, incurable disease called smallpox.

InDr. D.A. Henderson became director of a worldwide campaign to eliminate this disease from the face of the spellbinding book is Dr. Henderson’s personal story of how he led the World 4/5(2).

The history of smallpox extends into pre-history, with the disease probably emerging in human populations ab BC. The earliest credible evidence of smallpox is found in the Egyptian mummies of people who died some 3, years ago.

Smallpox has had a major impact on world history, not least because indigenous populations of regions where smallpox was non-native. There was a risk of death from this, but in a world where smallpox was rife the odds made it worthwhile; about percent of people died after variolation, compared with per cent after.

Smallpox, caused by the variola virus, was a highly contagious infectious disease that caused infected individuals to develop a fever and a progressive, disfiguring skin rash. Three of out 10 individuals infected with smallpox died. Many survivors have permanent scars, often on their faces, or were left blind.

Through vaccination, the disease was eradicated in However. I didn't know too much about smallpox before reading this book. I think it was a bit too much detail that dragged down the narrative of the book. If this was a quick page book I think it would've worked a lot better.

Then again it was already a sort of summary from the page book that was published about the eradication of smallpox/5. Note: Many of the death toll numbers listed above are best estimates based on available research. Some, such as the Plague of Justinian and Swine Flu, are subject to debate based on new evidence.

Despite the persistence of disease and pandemics throughout history, there’s one consistent trend over time – a gradual reduction in the death rate.In North America smallpox wiped out 90% of the Native American population on the Massachusetts coast ().

Overall, some estimates say that 90 - 95% of the native population of the New World died due to smallpox. And it's not just the new world: The Plague of Athens in B.C.

may have been smallpox (33% mortality rate)File Size: 77KB.